SectionⅠUse of English
Caravanserais were roadside inns that were built along the Silk Road in areas including China,North Africa and the Middle East.They were typically __1_ outside the walls of a city or village and were usually funded by governments of _2__.
This word“Caravanserais”is a __3__ of the Persian word“karvan”,which means a group of travellers or a caravan,and seray,a palace or enclosed building.The Perm caravan was used to __4__ groups of people who travelled together across the ancient network for safety reasons,__5__ merchants,travellers or pilgrims.
From the 10th century onwards,as merchant and travel routes become more developed,the __6__ of the Caravanserais increased and they served as a safe place for people to rest at night.Travellers on the Silk Road __7__ possibility of being attacked by thieves or being __8__ to extreme conditions.For this reason,Caravanserais were strategically placed __9__ they could be reached in a day’s travel time.
Caravanserais served as an informal __10__ point for the various people who travelled the Silk Road.__11__,those structures became important centers for culture __12__ and interaction,with travelers sharing their cultures,ideas and beliefs,__13__ talking knowledge with them,greatly __14__ the development of several civilizations.
Caravanserais were also an important marketplace for commodities and __15__ in the trade of goods along the Silk Road.__16__,it was frequently the first stop merchants looking to sell their wares and __17__ supplies for their own journeys.It is __18__ that around 120000 to 15000 caravanserais were built along the Silk Road,__19__ only about 3000 are known to remain today,many of which are in __20__.
1.A.displayed B.occupied C.located D.equipped
2.A.privately B.regularly C.respectively D.permanently
3.A.definition B.transition C.substitution D.combination
4.A.classify B.record C.describe D.connect
5.A.apart from B.instead of C.such as D.along with
6.A.construction B.restoration C.impression D.evaluation
7.A.doubted B.faced C.accepted D.reduced
8.A.assigned B.subjected C.accustomed D.opposed
9.A.so that B.even if C.now that D.in case
10.A.talking B.starting C.breaking D.meeting
11.A.by the way B.on occasion C.in comparison D.As a result
12.A.heritage B.revival C.exchange D.status
13.A.with regard to B.in spite of C.as well as D.in line with
14.A.completing B.influencing C.resuming D.pioneering
15.A.aided B.invested C.failed D.competed
16.A.Rather B.Indeed C.otherwise D.However
17.A.go in for B.standard up for C.lose in on D.stock up on
18.A.believed B.predicted C.recalled D.implied
19.A.until B.because C.unless D.although
20.A.ruins B.debt C.fashion D.series
21.In the first paragraph,the weather in Texas is mentioned to
A.Forecast a policy shift in Texas school
B.Stress the consequences of climate change
C.Indicate the atmosphere at the board meeting
D.Draw the public’s attention to energy shortages
22.what does Quinn think of Hardy?
A.She exaggerates the existing panic.
B.She denies the value of scientific work.
C.She shows no concern for pre-teens.
D.She expressed self-contradictory view.
23.The study in paragraph 5 shows that
A.Climate education is insufficient at the states public schools.
B.Policymakers have little drive for science education.
C.Texas is reluctant to rewrite its science textbook.
D.Environmental teaching in some states lacks supervision.
24.According to Branch,state-level science standards in the US
A.Call for regular revision.
B.Require urgent application.
C.Have limited influence.
D.Cater to local needs.
25.It is implied in the last paragraph that climate change teaching in some schools
A.Agree to major public demands.
B.Reflects teachers personal biases.
C.May misrepresent the energy sector.
D.Can be swayed by external forces.
26.Which of the following is true of New England?
A.Its housing supply is at a very low level.
B.Its communities are in need of funding.
C.Its rental vacancy rate is going up slowly.
D.Its home prices are under strict control.
27.The bill mentioned in Paragraph 2 was intended to
A.curb short-term rental speculation.
B.ensure the supply of cheap housing.
C.punish illegal dealings in housing.
D.allow a free short-term rental market.
28.Compared with Castle,Taylor is more likely to support
A.further investment in local tourism.
B.an increase in affordable housing.
C.strict management of real estate agents.
D.a favorable policy for short-term workers.
29.What does Horn emphasize in Paragraph 5?
A.The urgency to upgrade short-term rental facilities.
B.The efficient operation of the local housing market.
C.The necessity to stop developers from evading taxes.
D.The proper procedures for renting out spare houses.
30.Horn holds that imposing registration requirements is
A.an irrational decision.
B.an unnecessary measure.
C.an unfeasible proposal.
D.an inadequate solution.
31.The author mentions two books in paragraph to present
A.An ongoing conflict
B.An intellectual concept
C.A prevailing sentiment
D.A literary phenomenon
32.why did Waterstones shops retire PRH books to their relevant sections?
A.To make them easily noticeable
B.To comply with PRH’s requirement
C.To respond to PRH’s business move
D.To arrange them in systematic way
33.what message does the spokesperson for Waterstones seem to convey?
A.Their customers remain loyal
B.The credit limit will be removed.
C.Their stock is underestimated.
D.The book market is rather slack
34.what can be one consequence of the current dispute?
A.Sales of books by mid-list PRH writers fall off considerably.
B.Lesser-known PRH writers become the target of criticism
C.Waterstones staff hesitate to promote big-name author’s books.
D.Waterstones branches suffer a severe reduction in revenue.
35.Which of the following statements best represents Lownie’s view?
A.Small publishers ought to stick together.
B.Big publishers will lose their dominance.
C.The publishing industry is having a hard time.
D.The merger of publishers is a worrying trend.
36.According Paragraph 1,the careers of scientists can be determined by
A.how many citations their works contain.
B.how many times their papers are cited.
C.the prestige of the people they work with.
D.the status they have in scientific circles.
37.The support service consultancies tend to
A.recommend journals to their clients.
B.list citation patterns for their clients.
C.ask authors to include extra citations.
D.advise contributors to cite each other.
38.The function of the“milk cow”journals is to
A.boost citation counts for certain authors.
B.help scholars publish articles at low cost.
C.instruct first-time contributors in citation.
D.increase the readership of new journals.
39.What can be learned about Scopus from the last two paragraphs?
A.It fosters competition among citation providers.
B.It has the capability to identify suspicious citations.
C.It hinders the growth of“international”journals.
D.It is established to prevent citation manipulation.
40.What should an author do to deal with citation manipulators?
A.Take legal action.
B.Demand an apology.
C.Seek professional advice.
D.Reveal their misconduct.
[A]This year marks the 150th anniversary of a series of Yellowstone photographs by the renowned landscape photographer William Henry Jackson.He captured the first-ever shots of iconic landmarks such as the Tetons,Old Faithful and the Colorado Rockies.Jackson snapped them on a late 19th-century expedition through the Yellowstone Basin that was conducted by the head of the U.S.Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories,Ferdinand V.Hayden.The team included a meteorologist,a zoologist,a mineralogist,and an agricultural statistician.
<B>Two centuries ago,the idea of preserving nature,rather than exploiting it,was a novel one to many U.S.settlers.One of the turning points in public support for land conservation efforts—and recognizing the magnificence of the Yellowstone region in particular—came in the form of vivid photographs.
[C]As an effective Washington operator,Hayden sensed that he could capitalize on the expedition’s stunning visuals.He asked Jackson to print out large copies and distributed them,along with reproductions of Moran’s paintings,to each member of Congress.“The visualization,particularly those photographs,really hit home that this is something that has to be protected,”says Murphy.
[D]Throughout the trip,Jackson juggled multiple cameras and plate sizes using the collision process that involved coating the plates with a chemical mixture,exposing them and developing the resulting images with a portable darkrooms.The crude technique required educated guesses on exposures times,and involved heavy,awkward equipment--several men had to assist in its transportation.Despite these challenges,Jackson captured dozens of striking photos,ranging from majestic images like his now-famous snapshot of old faithful,to casual portraits of expedition members that the camp.While veterans of previous expeditions had written at length about stunning sights,these vivid photographs were another thing entirely.
[E]The well-documented Yellowstone journey officially began in Ogden,Utah on June 8,1871.Over nearly four months,dozens of men made their way on horseback into Montana and traversed along the Yellowstone River and around Yellowstone Lake.That fall,they concluded the survey in Fort Bridger,Wyoming.
[F]Though Native Americans(and later miners and fur trappers)had long recognized the area’s riches,most Americans did not.That’s why Hayden’s expedition aimed to produce a fuller understanding of the Yellowstone River region,from its hot springs and waterfalls to its variety of flora and fauna.In addition to the entourage of scientists,the team also included artists:Painter Thomas Moran and photographer William Henry Jackson were charged with capturing this astounding natural beauty and sharing it with the world.
[G]The bill proved largely popular and sailed through Congress with large majorities in favor.In quick succession,the Senate and House passed legislation protecting Yellowstone in early 1872.
[H]Perhaps most importantly,these images provided documentary evidence of the park’s sights that later made its way to government officials.Weeks after completing the expedition,Hayden collected his team’s observations into an extensive report aimed at convincing senators and representatives,along with colleagues at government agencies like the Department of the Interior,that Yellowstone ought to be preserved(and that his department deserved additional funds).
41 A 42 E 43 H 44 45
Write a notice to recruit a student for Professor Smith’s research project on campus sports activities.
Specify the duties and requirements of the job.
You should write your answer in about 100 words on the ANSWER SHEET.
Do not use your own name in the notice;use“Li Ming”instead.(10 points)
【52】Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the picture below.In your essay,you should
1)describe the picture briefly,
2)interpret the implied meaning,and
3)give your comments.