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2023年考研英语二阅读理解部分参考答案及解析

来源:考研招生网 liuhuimin 2022-12-26
  2023年考研英语二阅读理解部分参考答案及解析!经过紧张的考试之后,大家最想知道的时自己的考试成绩如何,为此高顿小编特意为大家准备了2023年英语二的阅读理解部分答案,希望对大家有帮助。
2023考研英语二阅读理解部分参考答案
  Section II Reading Comprehension
  PartA
  Text1
  参考答案:
  21.【答案】[A]is harmful to the environment
  22.【答案】<B>resistance to fake grass use
  23.【答案】<B>the disadvantages of growing real grass
  24.【答案】[C]Remind its users to obey existing rules
  25.【答案】[D]has been a controversial product
  详细解析:
  21.The RHS thinks that plastic grass_
  A.is harmful to the environment
  B.is a hot topic in gardening circles
  C.is overpraised in the annual show
  D.is ruining the view of West London
  【21】A.is harmful to the environment
  解析:该题为细节题,问RHS对于plastic grass塑料草的看法。通过RHS和plastic grass定位,锁定句子“The Royal HorticulturalSociety(RHS),which runs the annual show in west London,says it has introduced the ban because ofthe damage plastic grass does to the environment and
  biodiversity.”核心句意“由于塑料草对环境和生物多样性造成的破坏,RHS出台了这项禁令。”文章中because of the damage plastic grass does to the environment and biodiversity.对应A选项is harmful to the environment。damage和hamful为同义改写。
  22.The petitions mentioned in Paragraph 3 revealed the campaigners’
  A.disappointment with the RHS
  B.resistance to fake grass use
  C.anger over the proposed tax D.concern about real grass supply
  【22】B.resistance to fake grass use
  解析:该题为细节题,通过题干petitions(请愿书)和campaigners(运动领导者)进行定位。通过campaigners所在句子"The
  RHS'sdecision comes as campaigners try to raise awareness of the problems fake grass causes.”得知,campaigners试图提高人们对假草造成的问题的认识。下文
  petitions所在句子,详细说明提升对假草问题的具体方式:It is trying to encourage people to sign two petitions,one calling for a ban on the sale of plastic grass and
  another calling for an“ecological damage"taxon such lawns.即“呼吁禁止销售塑料草,和呼吁对此类草坪征收“生态破坏”税"。只有B选项resistance to fake grass use(对假草使用的抵制),对定位句进行了同义改写。
  23.In Paragraph 4,supporters of fake grass pointout
  A.the necessity to lower the costs of fake grass
  B.the disadvantages of growing real grass
  C.the way to take care of artificial lawns
  D.the challenges of insect habitat protection
  【23】B.the disadvantages ofgrowingrealgrass
  解析:该题为细节题,问假草支持者的观点态度。通过第4段内容可概括出“天然草坪也会对环境造成影响,并且真正的草需要大量的水、除草剂或其他处理。”只有B选项the disadvantages of growing realgrass(种植真草的缺点),是对文章的同义概括。
  24.What would the govemment do with regard to artificial grass?
  A.Urge legislation to restrict its use
  B.Take measures to guarantee its quality
  C.Remind its users to obey existing rules D.Replace it with sustainable alternatives
  【24】C.Remind its users to obey existing rules.
  解析:该题为细节题,问“政府会如何处理人造草?”通过government和artificial grass定位,从文章中得知“政府没有计划禁止使用人造草,并且人工草地的使用必须遵守现有的法律和政策保障措施。文章中的comply with the legal and policy(遵守法律和政策)与B选项。Remind its users to obey existing rules.(提醒用户遵守现有规则。)是同义改写。
  25.It can be learned from the text that fake grass
  A.is being improved continuously B.has seen a market share decline
  C.is becoming increasing affordable D.has been a controversial product
  【25】D.has been a controversial product.
  解析:该题为主旨题,问通过文章可以得出什么关于假草的结论。本题考查对文章主旨和段落大意的把握。文章阐述了RHS,假草支持者,和政府对于假草的不同态度,其中RHS禁止假草的使用,而政府表明没有禁止计划。各方观点明确并阐述了理由。因为文章是围绕fake grass展开争议,因为答案是D,是“有争议性的产品”。
  以上就是有关【2023年考研英语二阅读理解部分参考答案及解析】的全部内容,2023年考研初试科目结束,不少考生开始想要查看试卷成绩,因此一定要进入考研招生网,里面有各科目的答案及解析,对你了解自己的考试情况大有帮助!
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