Section I Use of English
Read the following text.Choose the best word(s)for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)
①People are,on the whole,poor at considering background information when making individual decisions.②At first glance this might seem like a strength that 1 the ability to make judgments which are unbiased by 2 factors.③But Dr Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big 3 was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samples of information they were working with.④4,he theorised that a judge 5 of appearing too soft 6 crime might be more likely to send someone to prison 7 he had already sentenced five or six other defendants only to forced community service on that day.
①To 8 this idea,he turned to the university-admissions process.②In theory,the 9 of an applicant should not depend on the few others 10 randomly for interview during the same day,but Dr Simonsohn suspected the truth was 11.
①He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews 12 by 31 admissions officers.②The interviewers had 13 applicants on a scale of one to five.③This scale 14 numerous factors into consideration.④The scores were 15 used in conjunction with an applicant’s score on the Graduate Management Admission Test,or GMAT,a standardised exam which is 16 out of 800 points,to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.
①Dr Simonsohn found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one 17 that,then the score for the next applicant would 18 by an average of 0.075 points.②This might sound small,but to 19 the effects of such a decrease a candidate would need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been 20.