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2012年考研英语一真题及答案

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2012年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题

Section I Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text.Choose the best word(s)for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.(10 points)

  ①The ethical judgments of the Supreme Court justices have become an important issue recently.②The court cannot 1 its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of law 2 justices behave like politicians.③Yet,in several instances,justices acted in ways that 3 the court’s reputation for being independent and impartial.

  ①Justice Antonin Scalia,for example,appeared at political events.②That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court’s decisions will be 4 as impartial judgments.③Part of the problem is that the justices are not 5 by an ethics code.④At the very least,the court should make itself 6 to the code of conduct that 7 to the rest of the federal judiciary.

  ①This and other similar cases 8 the question of whether there is still a 9 between the court and politics.

  ①The framers of the Constitution envisioned law 10 having authority apart from politics.②They gave justices permanent positions 11 they would be free to 12 those in power and have no need to 13 political support.③Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely 14.

  ①Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted in fundamental social 15 like liberty and property.②When the court deals with social policy decisions,the law it 16 is inescapably political—which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily 17 as unjust.

  ①The justices must 18 doubts about the court’s legitimacy by making themselves 19 to the code of conduct.②That would make their rulings more likely to be seen as separate from politics and,20,convincing as law.

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