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2019英语考研模拟测试:英二 Text 1-5

来源:考研招生网 考研君 2019-11-15

     原文第五段:In a 2014 study,for example,Malti looked at 244 children.Using caregiver assessments and the children’s self-observations,she rated each child’s overall sympathy level and his or her tendency to feel negative emotions after moral transgressions.Then the kids were handed chocolate coins,and given a chance to share them with an anonymous child.For the low-sympathy kids,how much they shared appeared to turn on how inclined they were to feel guilty.The guilt-prone ones shared more,even though they hadn’t magically become more sympathetic to the other child’s deprivation.

  题目:The word“transgressions”(Line 4,Para.5)is closest in meaning to ___.

  A.teachings

  B.discussions

  C.restrictions

  D.wrongdoings

  解析:

  [D]wrongdoings

  根据题干中的关键词transgressions可以定位到第五段第二句Using caregiver assessments and the children’s self-observations,she rated each child’s overall sympathy level and his or her tendency to feel negative emotions after moral transgressions.根据第二句中的feel negative emotions after moral transgressions.可以看到negative emotions来源于transgressions.而negative emotions表示负面情绪是贬义的,因此对比4个选项,可以得出答案是D选项wrongdoings.

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